Today we are featuring: Accommodations
School Accommodations and Modifications
Some students with disabilities need accommodations or modifications to their educational program in order to participate in the general curriculum and to be successful in school. While the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and its regulations do not define accommodations or modifications, there is some agreement as to what they mean. An accommodation as used in this document allows a student to complete the same assignment or test as other students, but with a change in the timing, formatting, setting, scheduling, response and/or presentation. This accommodation does not alter in any significant way what the test or assignment measures. Examples of accommodations include a student who is blind taking a Braille version of a test or a student taking a test alone in a quiet room.
A modification as used in this document is an adjustment to an assignment or a test that changes the standard or what the test or assignment is supposed to measure. Examples of possible modifications include a student completing work on part of a standard or a student completing an alternate assignment that is more easily achievable than the standard assignment.
Needed modifications and accommodations should be written into a student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP) or Section 504 Plan. These changes should be chosen to fit the student’s individual needs. It’s important to include the student, if appropriate, when discussing needed accommodations and modifications. Asking the student what would be helpful is a good first step.
Here are some ideas for changes in textbooks and curriculum, the classroom environment, instruction and assignments, and possible behavior expectations that may be helpful when educating students with disabilities. When reviewing these ideas, keep in mind that any accommodations or modifications an IEP team chooses must be based on the individual needs of students, and the changes must be provided if included in the child’s IEP.
Printable List of Accommodations: https://www.osepideasthatwork.org/parentkit/33%20-%20School%20Accommodations%20and%20Modifications.pdf